"Pride in Community"
|• Total||3.82 sq mi (9.88 km2)|
|• Land||3.82 sq mi (9.88 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)|
|Elevation||1,027 ft (313 m)|
|• Density||1,097.64/sq mi (424.39/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0455350|
|Website||City of Chariton, Iowa Website|
Chariton[a] is a city in, and the county seat of, Lucas County, Iowa, United States. The population was 4,193 at the 2020 census. Lucas is the primary distribution center for and the former corporate headquarters of the Hy-Vee supermarket chain.
Designed by local architect William L. Perkins and listed on the National Register of Historic Places for its role in the development of Chariton as a county seat, the Hotel Charitone is listed by the Iowa Historic Preservation Alliance as one of the most endangered sites in Iowa. The hotel is currently undergoing restoration with the majority of the hotel being converted into apartments.
|Source:"U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 29, 2020. and Iowa Data Center|
As of the census of 2010, there were 4,321 people, 1,861 households, and 1,109 families living in the city. The population density was 1,131.2 inhabitants per square mile (436.8/km2). There were 2,114 housing units at an average density of 553.4 per square mile (213.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.7% White, 0.2% African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from other races, and 0.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.
There were 1,861 households, of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.4% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.99.
The median age in the city was 42.1 years. 24.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.5% were from 25 to 44; 24.8% were from 45 to 64; and 21.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,573 people, 1,936 households, and 1,192 families living in the city. The population density was 1,238.2 people per square mile (478.5/km2). There were 2,155 housing units at an average density of 583.5 per square mile (225.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.88% White, 0.15% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.26% from other races, and 0.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.87% of the population.
There were 1,936 households, out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.4% were non-families. 34.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.92.
Age spread: 24.6% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 22.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $27,844, and the median income for a family was $37,935. Males had a median income of $32,265 versus $21,981 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,553. About 6.6% of families and 12.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.5% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.
The Chariton School District is the only school district in the county since 2008, when the Russell School District closed. There are two elementary schools, Columbus Elementary (K-2 grades) and Van Allen Elementary (3–5 grades); one middle school, Chariton Middle School (6–8 grades); and one high school, Chariton High School (9–12). The high school athletic teams are called the Chargers.
Chariton is located on U.S. Route 34, which runs east and west to each side of the state. The city is also served by Iowa Highway 14.
- Paul Engebretsen, National Football League player
- Everett Gendler, rabbi, social activist, and author
- T. J. Hockenson, National Football League player for the Detroit Lions
- Leo Hoegh, former governor
- Lyle Tuttle, tattoo artist and tattoo historian
- Mortimer Wilson, composer
- Gordon Willey, anthropologist
- "City of Chariton, Iowa". City of Chariton, Iowa. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 17, 2020.
- "2020 Census State Redistricting Data". census.gov. United states Census Bureau. Retrieved August 12, 2021.
- Sherman, Barney (September 14, 2017). "Iowa Place Names: A-E". Iowa Public Radio. Retrieved June 9, 2021.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- History of Lucas County, Iowa: Containing a History of the County, Its Cities, Towns, etc. State Historical Company. 1881. p. 580.
- Stuart, Theodore M. (1913). Past and Present of Lucas and Wayne Counties, Iowa: A Record of Settlement, Organization, Progress and Achievement, Volume 1. S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 40.
- Iowa's Most Endangered Properties: "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 7, 2008. Retrieved December 22, 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Chariton Municipal Airport". Online Highways Travel Guide: USA. Online Highways, LLC. Retrieved August 27, 2009.
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